The European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) was set up to respond to major natural disasters and express European solidarity to disaster-stricken regions within Europe. The Fund was created as a reaction to the severe floods in Central Europe in the summer of 2002. Since then, it has been used for 80 disasters covering a range of different catastrophic events including floods, forest fires, earthquakes, storms and drought. It has helped 24 different European countries with more than €5 billion.
In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, the scope of the European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) has been extended as of 1 April 2020 to encompass major public health emergenciesa.
EUSF funding will complement the efforts of the affected countries and cover part of their public expenditure on:
The fund may cover the cost of all types of assistance to the public (medical, healthcare and civil-protection measures) and any type of measure taken to contain the disease. Specifically: